September 4, 2012
The history of the Toyota Celica 0
The Toyota Celica is one of the most iconic roadsters in history. Lasting 7 generations, production lasted from December 1970 until April 2006.
The name Celica derives from the Latin language, with the word célico meaning “heavenly”. That’s certainly one way of putting it.
The First Generation
The Celica had it all. Great looks a thrilling drive and was never too expensive to buy. All engines had the same foundations of being based around incline-4 technology.
Released first back in the 1970’s, the Celica was a less powerful version of the Toyota 2000 GT. It was an affordable vehicle back then, a philosophy kept throughout its 30 plus years of production. Attractive styling has always been an important part of the Celica’s major selling points. Even back then the car had looks that were not generally seen before, making it a car that looked beyond it’s years. That is exactly what the car was, an attractive trophy car, not one that would sell in it’s masses. The Celica was for Toyota what the Mustang was Ford, back in that era.
The Celica had two different trims, the LT and ST. The standard version, the LT had 1.6 litre 4 cylinder engine. The more power ST had a twin Solex – carburetor 2T-B engine. Later on came the GT model in 1974, with this version containing a 1.6 litre DOHC twin Solex carburetor engine.
The GT model had noticeably different features, making the car more attractive. These included tinted windows, electric windows, air conditioning, sportily styled body bumpers and an aggressive looking front grille. The model was also inspired by both the ST and LT containing some of the same features.
The GTV version came later but was not quite as advanced as the GT, with fewer advantages. It’s suspension was stiffer however.
The Toyota Celica model range expanded to the liftback model which was only made available in GT trim.
This was a very successful era for the car. It even won Motor Trend’s Import car of the year prize in 1974, 1976 and 1977.
The second generation came in 1978 after production only started at the end of 1977, only available in ST and GT trims. Both had 2.2 litre engines.
During this era Road Safety had become more an important issue. Toyota had kept this in mind by ensuring that the new model not only more power and better fuel efficiency but was safer at the same time.
There were two sets of Celica’s released during it’s second generation era. The first came around 1978 – 1979, in standard of GT trim. The standard version had round headlights with chrome bumpers. GT models came with rubber bumpers.
The next set of Celica’s was released for one year between 1980 and 1981. This car had square headlights and various features which differentiated them from the previous set of Celica’s. Both models were powered by 2.2 litre engines. Both models were powered by 2.2 litre engines.
Ever wondered how the Toyota Camry was developed? In 1980 Toyota released the Toyota Celica Camry which uniquely had a Celica front and a Carina rear. Toyota then decided to release the Camry independently as it’s own model.